Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Oscillating Universe with a Quantized Black Hole

Version 1 : Received: 2 January 2021 / Approved: 4 January 2021 / Online: 4 January 2021 (11:30:23 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 13 January 2021 / Approved: 15 January 2021 / Online: 15 January 2021 (09:47:00 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 10 November 2023 / Approved: 13 November 2023 / Online: 15 November 2023 (09:05:38 CET)

How to cite: Kulas, S. Oscillating Universe with a Quantized Black Hole. Preprints 2021, 2021010017. Kulas, S. Oscillating Universe with a Quantized Black Hole. Preprints 2021, 2021010017.


In cosmology dark energy and dark matter are included in the CDM model, but they are still completely unknown. On the other hand the trans-Planckian problem leads to unlikely high photon energies for black holes. We introduce a model with quantized black hole matter. This minimizes the trans- Planckian problem extremely and leads to a scalar field in the oscillating universe model. We show that the scalar field has the same characteristics as a vacuum energy field and leads to the same Casimir effect. Shortly after the beginning of the big bounce this field decays locally and leads to the production of dark matter. In this model no inflation theory is needed. We emphasize that this model is mainly a phenomenological approach with the aim of new impetus to the discussion.


Oscillating universe; big bang; big bounce; Hubble constant; dark energy; dark matter; inflation; vacuum energy density; Casimir effect


Physical Sciences, Acoustics

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