Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Pollination Efficiency of Amegilla calens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) Variety L457 Flowers at Meskine (Maroua, Cameroon)

Version 1 : Received: 30 December 2020 / Approved: 31 December 2020 / Online: 31 December 2020 (16:29:01 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 23 August 2021 / Approved: 27 August 2021 / Online: 27 August 2021 (14:08:15 CEST)
(This article belongs to the Research Topic Food Analytical Methods)

How to cite: Kodji issaya, I.; Kengni, B.S.; Fameni, T.S.; Tchuenguem, F.F. Pollination Efficiency of Amegilla calens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) Variety L457 Flowers at Meskine (Maroua, Cameroon). Preprints 2020, 2020120826 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0826.v2). Kodji issaya, I.; Kengni, B.S.; Fameni, T.S.; Tchuenguem, F.F. Pollination Efficiency of Amegilla calens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) Variety L457 Flowers at Meskine (Maroua, Cameroon). Preprints 2020, 2020120826 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0826.v2).

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the impact of Amegilla calens bee on fruit and seed yields of G. hirsutum in an experimental field, in September 2018 and 2019. The experiments were carried out on 540 flowers divided in four treatments: 120 flowers accessible to all visitors; 120 flowers bagged to avoid all visits; 200 flowers protected and uncovered when they were opened, to allow A. calens visits; 100 flowers bagged then uncovered and rebagged without the visit of insects or any other organism. Bees daily rhythm of activity, its foraging behaviour on flowers, its pollination efficiency, the fruiting rate, the number of seeds per fruit and the percentage of normal seeds were evaluated. Results indicate that among 11 insect species recorded on flowers, X. olivacea ranked second and harvested nectar. Throughout the pollination efficiency of a single flower visit, X. olivacea provoked a significant increase of the podding rate, the mean number of seeds per pod, the percentage of normal seeds and the mean weight of a seed by 39.48 %, 18.19 %, 49.62 % and 31.53 % respectively. The conservation and installation of X. olivacea nests close to P. vulgaris fields is recommended to improve its pod production and seed quality.

Keywords

Amegilla; Gossypium barbadens; Meskine; pollination efficiency; yields

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 27 August 2021
Commenter: Issaya Kodji issaya
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: uptated the best version
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