Working Paper Communication Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Recent Experiments Raised Doubt On the Vertebrate Temporal Collinearity of the Hox Genes. A Biophysical Model May Reconcile the Conflicting Findings

Version 1 : Received: 29 December 2020 / Approved: 30 December 2020 / Online: 30 December 2020 (13:29:17 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 31 December 2020 / Approved: 4 January 2021 / Online: 4 January 2021 (08:30:15 CET)

How to cite: Papageorgiou, S. Recent Experiments Raised Doubt On the Vertebrate Temporal Collinearity of the Hox Genes. A Biophysical Model May Reconcile the Conflicting Findings. Preprints 2020, 2020120753 Papageorgiou, S. Recent Experiments Raised Doubt On the Vertebrate Temporal Collinearity of the Hox Genes. A Biophysical Model May Reconcile the Conflicting Findings. Preprints 2020, 2020120753

Abstract

Hox gene collinearity (HGC) is a multiscalar property of many animal phyla particularly important during embryogenesis. It relates events occurring in Hox clusters inside the chromosome DNA and embryonic tissues. These two entities differ in size by more than four orders of magnitude. HGC is observed as spatial collinearity (SC) where the Hox genes are located in the order H1, H2, H3 … along the 3’ to 5’ direction of the DNA sequence. The corresponding embryonic tissues (E1, E2, E3, …) are activated along the Anterior – Posterior axis in the same order. Besides this collinearity a temporal collinearity (TC) has been also observed in many vertebrates. According to TC first is H1 expressed in E1, later is H2 in E2, followed by H3,… Lately doubt has been raised whether TC really exists. A biophysical model (BM) has been formulated and tested in the last twenty years. According to BM, physical forces are created which pull the Hox genes one after the other driving them to a transcription factory domain where they are transcribed. The existing experiments support this BM description. In the present work two equivalent realizations of BM are presented which explain the recent findings on TC as observed in the vertebrates.

Subject Areas

HOX genes; Hox gene collinearity; spatial collinearity; temporal collinearity; vertebrates; elongated gene cluster

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