Tekle, B.H.; Holschemacher, K.; Löber, P.; Heiden, B. Mechanical Behavior and Frost‐Resistance of Alkali-Activated Cement Concrete with Blended Binder at Ambient Curing Condition. Buildings2021, 11, 52.
Tekle, B.H.; Holschemacher, K.; Löber, P.; Heiden, B. Mechanical Behavior and Frost‐Resistance of Alkali-Activated Cement Concrete with Blended Binder at Ambient Curing Condition. Buildings 2021, 11, 52.
Concrete is the most commonly used construction material due to its various advantages, such as versatility, familiarity, strength and durability and it will continue to be in demand far into the future. However, with today’s sensitivity to the environmental protection, this material is facing unprecedented challenges due to its high greenhouse gas emission mainly during cement production. This paper investigates one of the promising cement replacement materials, alkali activated cement (AAC) concrete. Being produced mainly from byproduct materials and having a comparable structural performance to conventional concrete, AAC concrete has a potential to transform the construction industry. Mechanical properties such as compressive and flexural strength and the relationship between them are studied. Different source materials such as fly ash (FA), ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), silica fume (SF) and Metakaolin (MK) are used. The effect of the source materials and the activator solutions on the concrete performance is studied. Furthermore, the freeze-thaw resistance of the concrete is studied. The results of the study showed that the behavior of AAC depends highly on the source material combinations as well as type used. The effect of the alkaline solution is also dependent on the source material used. Mixes with higher GGBS content in general showed the highest strength while mixes with MK showed the highest flexural strength. The results from the freeze-thaw test showed that proper design of AAC concrete with a lower water content is critical to achieve a good resistance.
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