Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Preoperative CTC-Detection by Cell-Search® Is Associated With Early Distant Metastasis and Impaired Survival in Resected Pancreatic Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 21 December 2020 / Approved: 22 December 2020 / Online: 22 December 2020 (12:02:41 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Hugenschmidt, H.; Labori, K.J.; Borgen, E.; Brunborg, C.; Schirmer, C.B.; Seeberg, L.T.; Naume, B.; Wiedswang, G. Preoperative CTC-Detection by CellSearch® Is Associated with Early Distant Metastasis and Impaired Survival in Resected Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers 2021, 13, 485. Hugenschmidt, H.; Labori, K.J.; Borgen, E.; Brunborg, C.; Schirmer, C.B.; Seeberg, L.T.; Naume, B.; Wiedswang, G. Preoperative CTC-Detection by CellSearch® Is Associated with Early Distant Metastasis and Impaired Survival in Resected Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers 2021, 13, 485.

Journal reference: Cancers 2021, 13, 485
DOI: 10.3390/cancers13030485

Abstract

In patients with presumed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), biomarkers that may open for personalised, risk-adapted treatment are lacking. The study analysed the impact of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) on the patterns of recurrence and survival in 98 patients resected for PDAC with 5-10 years of follow-up. Preoperative samples were analysed by the CellSearch® system for EpCAM+/DAPI+/CK+/CD45- CTCs. CTCs were detected in 7 of the 98 patients. CTCs predicted a significantly shorter median DFS of 3.3 vs. 9.2 months and a median CSS of 6.3 vs. 18.5 months. Relapse status was confirmed by imaging for 87 patients. Of these, 58 developed distant metastases (DM) and 29 cases isolated local recurrence (ILR) as first event. All patients with CTCs experienced DM. pN-status and histological grade >2 were other independent risk factors for DM, but only CTCs predicted significantly shorter cancer-specific, disease-free and post-recurrence survival. We conclude that CTC presence in resected PDAC patients predicted early distant metastasis and impaired survival. The impact of CTCs was comparable to that of histopathological risk factors and exceeded the effect size of other preoperative parameters. Thus, preoperative CTCs alone or in combination with histopathological factors may guide initial treatment decisions in patients with resectable PDAC in the future.

Keywords

Pancreatic cancer; recurrence; metastasis; surgical resection; circulating tumour cells; CTC; CellSearch; prognostication

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