Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Flat Space Cosmology with Rotation and Expansion

Version 1 : Received: 19 December 2020 / Approved: 21 December 2020 / Online: 21 December 2020 (11:06:37 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 7 February 2021 / Approved: 8 February 2021 / Online: 8 February 2021 (10:19:27 CET)

How to cite: U.V, S.S.; Terry Tatum, E.; Lakshminarayana, S. Flat Space Cosmology with Rotation and Expansion . Preprints 2020, 2020120505 U.V, S.S.; Terry Tatum, E.; Lakshminarayana, S. Flat Space Cosmology with Rotation and Expansion . Preprints 2020, 2020120505


We emphasize the point that, standard model of cosmology is basically a model of classical general relativity and it seems inevitable to have a revision with reference to quantum model of cosmology. Utmost important point to be noted is that, ‘Spin’ is a basic property of quantum mechanics and ‘rotation’ is a very common experience. In this context, we propose five assumptions in line with Planck mass as the baby universe. We appeal that, 1) Universe can be modeled as a time-reversed black hole (a white hole) with rotation and light speed expansion, and 2) ‘Light speed expanding cosmic space’ can be called as ‘Flat space’. With reference to light speed expansion, if one is willing to re-define cosmic red shift as [z/(1+z)], without considering Lambda cosmology model of matter density fractions, light travel distances can be reproduced with a marginal error of +8.6% at z =1.2, (i.e. traditional light travel distance is 8.6% higher than our estimate), 0% at z = 11.5 and -5.5% at z = 1200.( i.e. traditional light travel distance is 5.5% lower than our estimate). Advantages of our model are, 1) A quantum model of cosmology can be developed with unification of general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. 2) Tension in estimating the current Hubble parameter can be eliminated via scaled Hawking’s black hole temperature formula with great confidence. 3) Galactic dark matter and visible matter can be studied in a unified manner. 4) Galactic light travel distances can be estimated very easily without matter density fractions. 5) Big Bang and Inflation like non-general relativistic concepts can be relinquished with further study.


Flat space cosmology; dark matter; visible matter; galactic radii; galactic angular velocity; cosmic angular velocity


Physical Sciences, Acoustics

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 8 February 2021
Commenter: Satya Seshavatharam U.V
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: 1) Change in title and abstract
2) Added points 1 and 2 in Introduction
3) Revised assumption-3
4) Added point 16 in section-8
5) Added section-9 on temeprature formula derivation
6) Change in conclusion
7) Added new references
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