Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Biotope Impact on Fluctuating Asymmetry Manifestation in Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

Version 1 : Received: 18 December 2020 / Approved: 21 December 2020 / Online: 21 December 2020 (10:16:14 CET)

How to cite: Sukhodolskaya, R.A.; Saveliev, A.A.; Eremeeva, N.I.; Ukhova, N.L.; Gordienko, T.A.; Shagidullin, R.R.; Vorobyova, I.G.; Solodovnikov, I.A.; Anciferov, A. Biotope Impact on Fluctuating Asymmetry Manifestation in Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Preprints 2020, 2020120491 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0491.v1). Sukhodolskaya, R.A.; Saveliev, A.A.; Eremeeva, N.I.; Ukhova, N.L.; Gordienko, T.A.; Shagidullin, R.R.; Vorobyova, I.G.; Solodovnikov, I.A.; Anciferov, A. Biotope Impact on Fluctuating Asymmetry Manifestation in Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Preprints 2020, 2020120491 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0491.v1).

Abstract

In our study we used the data set on morphimetric traits in beetles species. It has been constantly replenishing for 20 years by the samples, received from different regions of Russia and abroad. In this case we have selected data on nine species for which the left and right sides had been measured and fluctuating asymmetry (FA) could be estimated. The samples were from 6 provinces of Russia and Belarus, which ranged in 3 degrees in latitude and 57 degrees in longitude and included more than 150 plots in different types of biotopes. FA was assessed according to the standard method in 5265 specimen in one dimensional trait and one - meristic. ANOVA showed that biotope, species and their interaction affected FA in both traits, that is different species reacted differently to biotope type. In uncommon biotopes (according to accepted in carabidology classification) FA was increased. In forest species the negative relationship between FA in dimensional and meristic traits in the range in biotopes was revealed. In those species only FA values were higher in males than in females. In generalist species FA varieв similarly in both sexes and in both traits being the highest in open biotopes. In eudomonant of arable lands biotopes – Poecilus cupreus – the highest values of FA were recorded in the meadows, being about equal in all types of crops.

Subject Areas

fluctuating asymmetry; ground beetles; morphometric variation; biotope impact; species*biotope interaction; negative relationship between dimensional and meristic traits

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