Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The First 40 Million Years of Jurassic Planktonic Foraminifera

Version 1 : Received: 10 December 2020 / Approved: 14 December 2020 / Online: 14 December 2020 (09:50:00 CET)

How to cite: Gradstein, F.; Waskowska, A.; Glinskikh, L. The First 40 Million Years of Jurassic Planktonic Foraminifera. Preprints 2020, 2020120319 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0319.v1). Gradstein, F.; Waskowska, A.; Glinskikh, L. The First 40 Million Years of Jurassic Planktonic Foraminifera. Preprints 2020, 2020120319 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0319.v1).

Abstract

We provide a biochronology of Jurassic planktonic foramininfera, using first order linkage to ammonite and nannofossil stratigraphy and geochronology. This enigmatic and understudied group of microfossils occurred from middle Toarcian through Tithonian time, from ~180 to ~143 Ma; its origin is unknown. There are three genera: Globuligerina, Conoglobigerina and Petaloglobigerina. The genus Globuligerina, with a smooth to pustulose test surface texture appeared in Toarcian (late Early Jurassic) and Conoglobigerina, with a rough reticulate test surface texture in Oxfordian (early Late Jurassic) time. The genus Petaloglobigerina, with a petaloid last whorl and one or more twisted and claviform chambers evolved in early Kimmeridgian time from Globuligerina balakhmatovae. We recognize stratigraphic events from eleven species across four evolutionary lineages, calibrated to Geologic Time Scale 2020. A dramatic faunal change over, which is not well documented led to the survival of only one taxon, most likely Gobuligerina oxfordiana in the Tithonian. During the Berriasian several new taxa appeared.

Subject Areas

planktonic foraminifera; Jurassic; evolution; biochronology

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