Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Resource Interaction in Smallholder Farms is Linked to Farm Sustainability: Evidence from Indian Sundarbans

Version 1 : Received: 12 December 2020 / Approved: 14 December 2020 / Online: 14 December 2020 (09:26:08 CET)

How to cite: Goswami, R.; Brodt, S.; Patra, S.; Dasgupta, P.; Mukherjee, B.; Nandi, S. Resource Interaction in Smallholder Farms is Linked to Farm Sustainability: Evidence from Indian Sundarbans. Preprints 2020, 2020120311 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0311.v1). Goswami, R.; Brodt, S.; Patra, S.; Dasgupta, P.; Mukherjee, B.; Nandi, S. Resource Interaction in Smallholder Farms is Linked to Farm Sustainability: Evidence from Indian Sundarbans. Preprints 2020, 2020120311 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0311.v1).

Abstract

Shrinking farm size and fragile farm resources pose a significant challenge to the sustainability of small-scale farms. Efficient resource utilization in small-scale farms is crucial to achieving farm sustainability through endogenous mechanisms. However, the precise mechanisms to integrate physical resources to achieve farm sustainability are not very clear yet. By capturing the interaction among farm resources as a network phenomenon, we identify the discrete resource interactions (RIs) in different types of small-scale farms of Indian Sundarbans, which are associated with higher farm sustainability. Thirty-two linkages, 11 reciprocal linkages, 22 triads, and three ‘core elements’ that occurred and cooccurred on highly sustainable farms are found to be critical in achieving farm sustainability. Using the properties of resource interaction networks as explanators of farm sustainability, we anticipate that sustainability in small-scale farms can be achieved by strategically creating new RIs on the farm. However, there may be limitations to such achievement depending on the nature of RI and type of farm. The analytical approach helps to understand the structural basis of sustainability in small-scale farms, and this approach can be used to achieve farm sustainability through the strategic integration of existing farm resources in the smallholder systems.

Subject Areas

resource integration; network analysis; sustainability; small-scale farm

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