Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Soft Tissue Mobilization and Stretching for Shoulder in CrossFitters: a Randomized Pilot Study

Version 1 : Received: 10 December 2020 / Approved: 11 December 2020 / Online: 11 December 2020 (12:03:27 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Jusdado-García, M.; Cuesta-Barriuso, R. Soft Tissue Mobilization and Stretching for Shoulder in CrossFitters: A Randomized Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 575. Jusdado-García, M.; Cuesta-Barriuso, R. Soft Tissue Mobilization and Stretching for Shoulder in CrossFitters: A Randomized Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 575.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 575
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18020575

Abstract

Background. Shoulder in CrossFit should have a balance between mobility and stability. Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit and posterior shoulder stiffness are risk factors for overhead shoulder injury. Objective. To determine the effectiveness of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization and horizontal adduction stretch in CrossFit practitioners’ shoulders. Methods: Twenty-one regular CrossFitters were allocated to experimental (stretching with isometric contraction and instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization) or control group (instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization). Each session lasted 5 minutes, 2 days a week, over a period of 4 weeks. Shoulder internal rotation and horizontal adduction (digital inclinometer), and posterior shoulder stretch perception (Park scale) were evaluated. Shapiro-Wilk test was used to analyze the distribution of the sample. Parametric student's t-test was used to obtain the intragroup differences. The inter- and intra-rater differences were calculated using a repeated measures ANOVA. Results. Changes were found in the experimental group following intervention (p < 0.05), and when comparing baseline and follow-up assessments (p < .05) in all variables. Significant differences were found in the control group following intervention (p < 0.05), in right horizontal adduction and left internal rotation. When comparing perception of internal rotation and horizontal adduction in both groups in the three assessments significant differences were found. Conclusions. Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization can improve shoulder horizontal adduction and internal rotation. An instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique yields the same results alone as those achieved in combination with post-isometric stretch with shoulder adduction.

Subject Areas

Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization; Muscle Stretching Exercises; Range of motion; Manual Therapy.

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