Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Preliminary Study on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Poplar Wood Modified by Waterborne Glucose Silicone Resin

Version 1 : Received: 8 December 2020 / Approved: 10 December 2020 / Online: 10 December 2020 (11:34:11 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liu, Q.; Du, H.; Lyu, W. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Poplar Wood Modified by Glucose-Urea-Melamine Resin/Sodium Silicate Compound. Forests 2021, 12, 127. Liu, Q.; Du, H.; Lyu, W. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Poplar Wood Modified by Glucose-Urea-Melamine Resin/Sodium Silicate Compound. Forests 2021, 12, 127.

Journal reference: Forests 2021, 12, 127
DOI: 10.3390/f12020127

Abstract

In order to improve the performance of soft plantation wood, an environmentally friendly inorganic-organic hybrid wood modifier was developed. First, using urea and melamine as crosslinking agents, the waterborne glucose silicone resin (MUG) was prepared with glucose under the catalysis of inorganic acid and metal ions. Then MUG resin was diluted to 10% and 20% mass fraction, and compounded with sodium silicate (S) of 20% and 10% mass fraction, so the inorganic-organic hybrid G10S20 and G20S10 wood modifier were obtained respectively. Then plantation poplar wood (Populus tomentosa) were impregnated and modified with them. Their physical and mechanical properties were tested and compared with those of the wood treated with S of 20% mass fraction (S20). Infrared analysis showed that amino resin characteristic structure (CO-NH-) existed in MUG resin. The resin has good permeability. Compared with S20 modified wood, the degree of shrinkage of G10S20 or G20S10 modified wood is reduced, their moisture absorption is reduced, and their dimensional stability is improved. Waterborne glucose silicone modifier can effectively improve the wood density, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rapture and compression strength. SEM analysis showed that the cell wall of G20S10 modified wood was significantly thicker than the untreated wood, and there were columnar and granular solid substances attached in some cell cavities, ducts and corners, etc. EDX showed that the number of Si elements on the cell wall was significantly increased compared with the control, indicating that the modifier effectively entered the wood cell wall. The waterborne glucose silicone resin can greatly improve the physical and mechanical properties of wood through organic-inorganic hybridization. It is a green, non-formaldehyde, eco-friendly, low cost, compound wood modifier with broad application prospects.

Subject Areas

poplar; glucose resin; sodium silicate; impregnation modification; wood properties

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