Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impact of COVID-19 on Fossil Energies and its Consequence in Climate Change, and Nine other Environmental Indicators

Version 1 : Received: 24 November 2020 / Approved: 25 November 2020 / Online: 25 November 2020 (09:40:06 CET)

How to cite: Rashedi, A.; Khanam, T.; Rahman, S. Impact of COVID-19 on Fossil Energies and its Consequence in Climate Change, and Nine other Environmental Indicators. Preprints 2020, 2020110627 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0627.v1). Rashedi, A.; Khanam, T.; Rahman, S. Impact of COVID-19 on Fossil Energies and its Consequence in Climate Change, and Nine other Environmental Indicators. Preprints 2020, 2020110627 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0627.v1).

Abstract

COVID19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, has spread rapidly across the globe since the end of 2019 and brought impressive changes in our life and living through partial or full lockdown and reduced anthropogenic activities. Hence, it is imperative to investigate the impacts and consequences of COVID-19 on global eco-system and environment. The present study accordingly addresses the impacts and consequences of COVID-19 by ten environmental indicators; viz., global warming (or greenhouse gas emission), stratospheric ozone depletion, ozone formation (on human health), fine particulate matter formation, smog, ionizing radiation, human carcinogenic toxicity, human non-carcinogenic toxicity, water resource consumption, and effect on human health. The overall study has been performed in agreement with the standard principle and guidelines of life cycle assessment. Worldwide changes in consumption of fossil fuels, viz., petroleum, coal and natural gas, as a result of COVID-19 pandemic, has been the core theme of the study. Outcomes from the study show that COVID-19 has been a ‘blessing in disguise’ for the global environment with most of the above-mentioned indicators declining by approximately 20-30% in 2020 in comparison to the 2019 level.

Subject Areas

COVID-19; fossil fuels; life cycle assessment (LCA); climate change; environment; impact

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