Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Phylogenetic of the Orchid Genus Coelogyne Inferred from Morphological Characteristics and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Sequence Data

Version 1 : Received: 20 November 2020 / Approved: 23 November 2020 / Online: 23 November 2020 (14:23:47 CET)

How to cite: Go, R.; YONG, C.S.; Abdullah, J.O.; Yoh, K.H. Phylogenetic of the Orchid Genus Coelogyne Inferred from Morphological Characteristics and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Sequence Data. Preprints 2020, 2020110589 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0589.v1). Go, R.; YONG, C.S.; Abdullah, J.O.; Yoh, K.H. Phylogenetic of the Orchid Genus Coelogyne Inferred from Morphological Characteristics and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Sequence Data. Preprints 2020, 2020110589 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0589.v1).

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships among the Peninsular Malaysian orchid genus Coelogyne were studied by morphological characteristics and by sequencing the internal transcribed region (ITS) from the nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA). Coelogyne is a large genus of about 200 species distributed in pantropical areas from the Himalayas, Sri Lanka, India, Southern China and throughout South East Asia to Papua New Guinea. The widely accepted previous classification system was exclusively based on floral morphology. There were very few molecular systematic studies of Coelogyne done in Peninsular Malaysia thus far. In this study, 59 Coelogyne taxa were collected from throughout Peninsular Malaysia and 57 of them were identified to the species level. To study the phylogeny of this genus, morphological characters were utilized together with molecular evidences to generate the systematic hypotheses. Cluster analysis was performed using both the vegetative and floral characters. The results showed that three sections of Peninsular Malaysian Coelogyne, namely Longifoliae, Speciosae and Fuliginosae were sister groups which were more closely related by forming one clade than they were with the other sections. Another clade consisted of four other sections, namely Flaccidae, Coelogynae, Tomentosae and Verrucosae. Molecular phylogenies obtained by using the Neighbour Joining method revealed the close relationship between the sections Tomentosae and Verrucosae, whereas usage of the Maximum Likelihood method demonstrated that three sections namely Longifoliae, Speciosae and Fuliginosae were sister groups since they formed a single clade.

Subject Areas

Orchid, Longifoliae; Speciosae; Fuliginosae; Flaccidae; Coelogynae; Tomentosae; Verrucosae; phylogeny; morphology; taxonomy; Malaysia; classifications

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