Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Suicidal Ideation, Plans and Attempts: Prevalence and Associated Factors in School-Going Adolescents in Sierra Leone in 2017

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2020 / Approved: 17 November 2020 / Online: 17 November 2020 (12:25:51 CET)

How to cite: Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. Suicidal Ideation, Plans and Attempts: Prevalence and Associated Factors in School-Going Adolescents in Sierra Leone in 2017. Preprints 2020, 2020110449 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0449.v1). Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. Suicidal Ideation, Plans and Attempts: Prevalence and Associated Factors in School-Going Adolescents in Sierra Leone in 2017. Preprints 2020, 2020110449 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0449.v1).

Abstract

Background: The study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among middle school students in Sierra Leone. Method: Data from 2,798 adolescents (15 years of median age) that responded to the cross-sectional “2017 Sierra Leone Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS)” were analysed. Results: The prevalence of past 12-month suicidal ideation was 14.2%, suicide plans 16.0%, and suicide attempts 19.1%. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, worry-induced sleep disturbance (Adjusted Odds Ratio-AOR: 1.84, 95% Confidence Interval-CI: 1.32-2.57), bullied (AOR: 2.90, 95% CI: 1.77-4.74), trouble from alcohol use (AOR: 1.90, 95% CI: 1.03-3.50), and leisure-time sedentary behaviour (AOR: 2.42, 95% CI: 1.18-4.98) were associated with suicidal ideation. Bullied (AOR: 2.40, 95% CI: 1.46-3.95) and current cannabis use (AOR: 2.48, 95% CI: 1.51-4.09) were associated with suicide plans in the past 12 months. No close friends (AOR: 2.63, 95% CI: 1.46-4.72) loneliness (AOR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.08-2.66), bullied (AOR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.66-3.28), trouble from alcohol use (AOR: 4.01, 95% CI: 2.25-7.13) and current cannabis use (AOR: 2.93, 95% CI: 1.37-6.25) were positively and school attendance (AOR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.42-0.92) negatively associated with suicide attempts in the past 12 months. Conclusion: Almost one in five students had made suicide attempts in the past 12 months and several associated variables were discovered that can assist in designing interventions.

Subject Areas

Suicidal ideation; suicide plans; suicide attempts; middle school students; Sierra Leone

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