Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Titanium Oxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles for Treatment of Wound Infection

Version 1 : Received: 8 November 2020 / Approved: 10 November 2020 / Online: 10 November 2020 (12:09:17 CET)

How to cite: Alhadrami, H.A.; Shoudri, R.A. Titanium Oxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles for Treatment of Wound Infection. Preprints 2020, 2020110307 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0307.v1). Alhadrami, H.A.; Shoudri, R.A. Titanium Oxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles for Treatment of Wound Infection. Preprints 2020, 2020110307 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0307.v1).

Abstract

Wound infections evidently appeared in times of World War I that accounted a significant mortality and morbidity rate among injured soldiers. Currently, around 11 million people worldwide require medical treatment for wound infections and 300,000 die every year due to untreated wound infection. The extensive use of antibiotics to treat wound infection leads to emerging new microbial strains that are resistant to many antibiotics. There is a growing concern on the emergence and re-emergence of drug-resistant pathogens such as multi-resistant bacterial strains. Hence, the development of new antimicrobial compounds or the modification of those that already exist to improve antibacterial activity is a high priority area of research. During the past few decades, nanotechnology has arisen with new promising technology for synthesis of nanobiomaterials. Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are considered as new alternative treatment with superior antibacterial activity. In this study, new formulation of titanium oxide (TiO2) NPs with different sizes were synthesized and characterized. Genotoxicity, mutagenicity and antibacterial activities of TiO2 NPs against the causative agents of wound infection were investigated. Antibacterial activity of TiO2 NPs was conducted against three ATCC ® bacterial strains: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results clearly illustrate a superior antibacterial activity of all newly formulated TiO2 NPs against the most causative agents of wound infection. Most of our TiO2 NPs showed non-genotoxic and non-mutagenic results at the maximum concentrations. Findings of this study will enhance the future of the therapeutic strategies against the resistant pathogenic strains that cause wound infections.

Subject Areas

TiO2 nanoparticles; antibacterial activity; multi-drug-resistance pathogens; MRSA; E. coli. P. aeruginosa; genotoxicity

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