Preprint Communication Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Emergence of the First Lumpy Skin Disease Outbreak Among Livestock in the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2016.

Version 1 : Received: 9 November 2020 / Approved: 10 November 2020 / Online: 10 November 2020 (10:13:28 CET)

How to cite: Issimov, A.; Rametov, N.; Zhugunissov, K.; Kutumbetov, L.; Zhanabayev, A.; Kazhgaliyev, N.; Nurgaliyev, B.; Shalmenov, M.; Absatirov, G.; Dushayeva, L.; Akhmetaliyeva, A.; Kereyev, A.; White, P. Emergence of the First Lumpy Skin Disease Outbreak Among Livestock in the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2016.. Preprints 2020, 2020110298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0298.v1). Issimov, A.; Rametov, N.; Zhugunissov, K.; Kutumbetov, L.; Zhanabayev, A.; Kazhgaliyev, N.; Nurgaliyev, B.; Shalmenov, M.; Absatirov, G.; Dushayeva, L.; Akhmetaliyeva, A.; Kereyev, A.; White, P. Emergence of the First Lumpy Skin Disease Outbreak Among Livestock in the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2016.. Preprints 2020, 2020110298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0298.v1).

Abstract

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an emerging transboundary viral disease of cattle originating from the African continent. Here we describe the first LSD outbreak reported in the Republic of Kazakhstan, in July 2016. Initially, LSD was reported in a cattle farm located 49 km from Kazakh –Russian border in, Atyrau Oblast in West Kazakhstan. Subsequently, the disease spread to neighbouring farms situated within the same district. Following a preliminary investigation, the local State Veterinary Service declared a strict quarantine according to the State Contingency Plan, along with immediate total stamping out and cattle movement restrictions. During the outbreak, the number of affected cattle within an epidemiological unit reached 459 cattle out of registered 3557 susceptible cattle with 12.90% morbidity and 0.96%, mortality. This manuscript presents the epidemiological situation, the diagnosis, the control measures including mass vaccination and the stamping out campaign.s

Subject Areas

control measures; diagnosis; epidemiological data; Kazakhstan; lumpy skin disease

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