Guo, S.; Duan, X.; Xie, M.; Aw, K.C.; Xue, Q. Composites, Fabrication and Application of Polyvinylidene Fluoride for Flexible Electromechanical Devices: A Review. Micromachines2020, 11, 1076.
Guo, S.; Duan, X.; Xie, M.; Aw, K.C.; Xue, Q. Composites, Fabrication and Application of Polyvinylidene Fluoride for Flexible Electromechanical Devices: A Review. Micromachines 2020, 11, 1076.
The technological development of piezoelectric materials is crucial for developing wearable and flexible electromechanical devices. There are many inorganic materials with piezoelectric effects, such as piezoelectric ceramics, aluminum nitride, and zinc oxide. They all have very high piezoelectric coefficients and large piezoelectric response ranges. The characteristics of high hardness and low tenacity make inorganic piezoelectric materials unsuitable for flexible devices that require frequent bending. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and its derivatives are the most popular materials used in flexible electromechanical devices in recent years and have high flexibility, high sensitivity, high ductility, and a certain piezoelectric coefficient. Owing to increasing the piezoelectric coefficient of PVDF, researchers are committed to optimizing PVDF materials and enhancing their polarity by a series of means to further improve their mechanical–electrical conversion efficiency. This paper reviews the latest PVDF-related optimization materials, related processing and polarization methods, and the applications of these materials such as those in wearable functional devices, chemical sensors, biosensors, and flexible actuator devices for flexible micro-electromechanical devices. We also discuss the challenges of wearable devices based on flexible piezoelectric polymer, consider where further practical applications could be.
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