Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed
New Energy Technologies: Microalgae, Photolysis and Airborne Wind Turbines
Version 1 : Received: 13 July 2019 / Approved: 2 August 2019 / Online: 7 August 2019 (00:00:00 CEST)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Moriarty, P.; Honnery, D. New Energy Technologies: Microalgae, Photolysis and Airborne Wind Turbines. Sci 2021, 3, 5. Moriarty, P.; Honnery, D. New Energy Technologies: Microalgae, Photolysis and Airborne Wind Turbines. Sci 2021, 3, 5.
Because of the near-term risk of extreme weather events and other adverse consequences from climate change, and, at least in the longer term, global fossil fuel depletion, there is world-wide interest in shifting to noncarbon energy sources, especially renewable energy (RE). Because of possible limitations on conventional renewable energy sources, researchers have looked for ways of overcoming these shortcomings by introducing radically new energy technologies. The largest RE source today is bioenergy, while solar energy and wind energy are regarded as having the largest technical potential. This paper reviews the literature on proposed new technologies for each of these three RE sources: microalgae for bioenergy, photolysis and airborne wind turbines. The main finding is that their proponents have underestimated the difficulties facing their introduction on a very large scale.
airborne wind turbines; climate change; EROI; microalgae; photolysis; renewable energy; technology introduction
Copyright: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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