Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Extracellular Vesicles and the Oviduct Function

Version 1 : Received: 28 October 2020 / Approved: 30 October 2020 / Online: 30 October 2020 (13:09:26 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Harris, E.A.; Stephens, K.K.; Winuthayanon, W. Extracellular Vesicles and the Oviduct Function. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 8280. Harris, E.A.; Stephens, K.K.; Winuthayanon, W. Extracellular Vesicles and the Oviduct Function. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 8280.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 8280
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21218280

Abstract

In mammals, the oviduct (or the Fallopian tube in humans) can be divided into the infundibulum (responsible for oocyte pick-up), ampulla (site of fertilization), isthmus (where preimplantation embryos develop), and uterotubal junction (where embryos transit to the uterus). The oviductal fluid, as well as extracellular vesicles produced from the oviductal epithelial cells, referred to as oEVs, have been shown to improve the fertilization process, prevent polyspermy, and aid in embryo development. oEVs contain molecular cargos (such as miRNAs, mRNAs, proteins, and lipids) that can be delivered and fuse to recipient cells. oEVs produced from the ampulla appear to be functionally distinct from those produced from the isthmus. In multiple species including mice, cats, dogs, pigs, and cows, oEVs can be incorporated into the oocytes, sperm, and embryos. In this review, we show the positive impact of oEVs on gamete function as well as blastocyst development and how they may improve embryo quality in in vitro conditions in an assisted reproductive technology setting for rodents, domestic animals, farm animals, and humans.

Subject Areas

egg; embryo; extracellular vesicle; exosome; fallopian tube; microvesicle; oocyte; oviductosome; oviduct; sperm

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