Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impact of Battery Energy Storage System and its Converter Characteristics on Voltage Sags

Version 1 : Received: 21 October 2020 / Approved: 23 October 2020 / Online: 23 October 2020 (08:49:46 CEST)

How to cite: Mbuli, N.; Lichaba, S.; Xezile, R.; Pretorius, J. Impact of Battery Energy Storage System and its Converter Characteristics on Voltage Sags. Preprints 2020, 2020100471 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0471.v1). Mbuli, N.; Lichaba, S.; Xezile, R.; Pretorius, J. Impact of Battery Energy Storage System and its Converter Characteristics on Voltage Sags. Preprints 2020, 2020100471 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0471.v1).

Abstract

Voltage sags can cause the interruption of power supply and can negatively affect operations of customers. In this paper, the authors study the impact of battery energy storage systems (BESS) on voltage sags. A stochastic method of fault positions is used. Faults of various types are simulated and voltages are recorded. Firstly, with the BESS integrated into the network, there are higher residual voltages, fewer voltage sags and less expected critical voltage loss. Secondly, if the BESS converter power factor is reduced, recorded residual voltages are higher, voltage sags are fewer, and the number of expected critical voltage sags is lower. Finally, when three BESS converter control modes, namely constant voltage, constant power factor, and constant reactive power, were assessed, results showed similar voltage sag performances for constant power factor and constant reactive power modes. Furthermore, operating in constant voltage control outperformed the other two modes as it resulted in higher residual voltages, a lower number of voltage sags, and fewer expected critical voltage sags. The paper has demonstrated that the BESS can improve voltage sag performance. In addition, the power factor of the BESS converter and the mode of operation of the converter can influence the magnitude of the voltage sag performance improvement.

Subject Areas

Battery energy storage system (BESS); method of fault positions; renewable energy; transient stability; voltage sags

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