Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Outline of the Basic Theory of Accident Science based on the Safety Science Methodology in Risk Process

Version 1 : Received: 16 October 2020 / Approved: 19 October 2020 / Online: 19 October 2020 (09:25:37 CEST)

How to cite: Luo, T.; Wu, C. An Outline of the Basic Theory of Accident Science based on the Safety Science Methodology in Risk Process. Preprints 2020, 2020100361 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0361.v1). Luo, T.; Wu, C. An Outline of the Basic Theory of Accident Science based on the Safety Science Methodology in Risk Process. Preprints 2020, 2020100361 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0361.v1).

Abstract

In order to establish a new discipline specializing in accident science from the perspective of safety science. Under the guidance of the current research theories and methods of safety science, combined with the research paradigm of humanities and social medicine, this paper puts forward new viewpoints, new theories and new models about accident research. First of all, through literature retrieval, this paper analyzes the relevant research results of accidents at home and abroad, and expounds the existing problems and the basic trend of accident science research. Secondly, it puts forward eight kinds of attribute relations of the accident, and makes clear the characteristics and connotation of the accident. In the study of accident types, a hierarchical classification model based on accident cognition is created for the first time. It also points out the logical relevance of five levels of accident science research and the realistic relevance of three levels. At the same time, according to the thought of science of science, this paper puts forward a new definition of safety under the thinking of accident science and other basic concepts related to safety science, and explains the connotation. In addition, it creates and constructs the basic concept of accident science, establishes the conceptual model of accident science, and points out the “3-4-5” model of accident science research and its connotation. Thirdly, draw lessons from the interdisciplinary paradigm to study the relevant theoretical basis and discipline classification relationship of accident science, and construct the tree of accident science. Finally, the research contents of three main aspects of accident science are summarized. The results show that the research results in this paper not only play a fundamental role in the basic construction of accident science, but also further enrich and perfect the discipline system of safety science, which has a certain theoretical significance.

Subject Areas

Accident; Accident connotation; Accident science; New definition of safety; Conceptual model of accident science; Discipline basic construction

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