Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Neurochemical Changes in Brain and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Clinically Isolated Syndrome

Version 1 : Received: 14 October 2020 / Approved: 15 October 2020 / Online: 15 October 2020 (11:15:44 CEST)

How to cite: Guenter, W.; Bieliński, M.; Bonek, R.; Borkowska, A. Neurochemical Changes in Brain and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Clinically Isolated Syndrome. Preprints 2020, 2020100317 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0317.v1). Guenter, W.; Bieliński, M.; Bonek, R.; Borkowska, A. Neurochemical Changes in Brain and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Clinically Isolated Syndrome. Preprints 2020, 2020100317 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0317.v1).

Abstract

To assess cognitive impairment and affective symptoms and their association with damage to normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), we compared neuropsychological test scores between patients with CIS and healthy controls, and examined correlations between these and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) outcomes in patients with CIS. Forty patients with CIS and 40 healthy participants were tested with the set of neuropsychological tests, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Single-voxel 1H-MRS was performed on frontal and parietal NAWM of patients with CIS to assess ratios of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) to creatine (Cr), myo-inositol (mI), and choline (Cho), as well as mI/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios. Patients with CIS had lower cognitive performance, higher scores for the BDI and anxiety subscale of HADS than healthy controls. There were significant correlations between the following neuropsychological tests and metabolic ratios in the frontal NAWM: Stroop Color-Word Test and Cho/Cr, Symbol Digit Modalities Test and mI/Cr as well as NAA/mI, Go/no-go reaction time and NAA/Cho as well as NAA/mI, Californian Verbal Learning Test and NAA/Cr. BDI scores were related to frontal NAA/mI and parietal NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios, whereas HADS-depression scores were associated with frontal NAA/Cr and NAA/mI, and parietal NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios. HADS-anxiety correlated with parietal NAA/Cr ratio. This study suggests that neurochemical changes in the NAWM assessed with single-voxel 1H-MRS are associated with cognitive performance and affective symptoms in patients with CIS.

Subject Areas

clinically isolated syndrome; multiple sclerosis; cognition; neuropsychology; proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy

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