Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis and Optimization of Raw Material Supply Chains With Regard to Profitability and Sustainability

Version 1 : Received: 8 October 2020 / Approved: 12 October 2020 / Online: 12 October 2020 (12:21:56 CEST)

How to cite: Trojahn, S.; Strubelt, H. Analysis and Optimization of Raw Material Supply Chains With Regard to Profitability and Sustainability. Preprints 2020, 2020100238 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0238.v1). Trojahn, S.; Strubelt, H. Analysis and Optimization of Raw Material Supply Chains With Regard to Profitability and Sustainability. Preprints 2020, 2020100238 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0238.v1).

Abstract

Raw material logistics reflects an important aspect of global trade. Raw materials form an essential basis for society, for daily life, and range from apples to zinc. This paper addresses the analysis and optimization of supply chains of raw materials in terms of their economic viability and their sustainability. Type representatives are chosen according to annual transported quantities. Hard coal represents bulk goods, aluminum primary raw materials with medium quantities, and rare earths primary raw materials with small quantities. Their respective supply chains are analyzed and subsequently possible strategies and methods and their application are discussed. The paper shows for the first time that the selection and application of optimization priorities (e.g. profitability or sustainability) depends on the primary raw material and its integration into global production chains.

Subject Areas

raw materials; supply chain; logistics planning; logistics strategies

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