Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Sensory Evaluation and Mechanical Properties of Functional Gummy in the Malaysian Market

Version 1 : Received: 9 October 2020 / Approved: 12 October 2020 / Online: 12 October 2020 (07:57:48 CEST)

How to cite: Mahat, M.M.; Mohmad Sabere, A.S.; Shafiee, S.'.; Nawawi, M.A.; Hamzah, H.H.; Jamil, M.A.F.M.; Che Roslan, N.; Abdul Halim, M.I.; Safian, M.F. The Sensory Evaluation and Mechanical Properties of Functional Gummy in the Malaysian Market. Preprints 2020, 2020100213 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0213.v1). Mahat, M.M.; Mohmad Sabere, A.S.; Shafiee, S.'.; Nawawi, M.A.; Hamzah, H.H.; Jamil, M.A.F.M.; Che Roslan, N.; Abdul Halim, M.I.; Safian, M.F. The Sensory Evaluation and Mechanical Properties of Functional Gummy in the Malaysian Market. Preprints 2020, 2020100213 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0213.v1).

Abstract

The popularity of functional gummies has increased, which is evident from the growing line of functional gummies from almost every nutraceutical companies. Sensory evaluation serves the purpose of determining which brand of functional gummy would capture the largest market share. Texture profile analysis was used to determine the mechanical properties of functional gummies. The brands of functional gummies that came under the scope of this study were denoted as Brand A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy was utilised to detect organic material and functional groups in the functional gummies. Texture profile analysis gave valuable insights into the gummies’ mechanical properties which are cohesiveness, springiness, hardness, gumminess, and chewiness. Amongst the gummies that were studied, Brand F gummy has the highest value of cohesiveness of 0.92. Brand A gummy has a high springiness value of 1.0. Brand B gummy possesses the highest value of hardness, gumminess and chewiness of 12 532.2 g, 7617.6 N, and 6256.8 J, respectively. Qualitative sensory evaluation reveals that Brand G gummy has the best aesthetic qualities in terms of colour and appearance. Brand B gummy tastes the best while brand A gummy claims the top spot for gumminess and chewiness. Overall, the respondents in this study preferred brand A gummy over other brands.

Subject Areas

Food Analysis; Texture Profile Analysis; FTIR, Sensory Evaluation

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