Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of Fossil Fuel and Renewable Energy on Heat Requirement of Plastic and Polycarbonate Greenhouses

Version 1 : Received: 7 October 2020 / Approved: 8 October 2020 / Online: 8 October 2020 (09:05:06 CEST)

How to cite: Tezcan, N. The Effect of Fossil Fuel and Renewable Energy on Heat Requirement of Plastic and Polycarbonate Greenhouses. Preprints 2020, 2020100164 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0164.v1). Tezcan, N. The Effect of Fossil Fuel and Renewable Energy on Heat Requirement of Plastic and Polycarbonate Greenhouses. Preprints 2020, 2020100164 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0164.v1).

Abstract

Greenhouse have to provide optimal climate conditions for healthy plant growth and high production. Heating of greenhouses is required for an efficient and reliable production specially during winter time in Turkey. However, even in the temperate zones, heating costs has a great portion in the total production costs. Coal is preferred as a fuel in the greenhouse heating in provinces of Turkey where there is no geothermal energy. In this study, the heating requirements and fuel cost (fossil and geothermal energy) for Antalya, Afyon, Kütahya, Denizli, and Aydın provinces in the Aegean and Mediterranean region have been identified based on long term meteorological data. The calculations were made for two model greenhouses located in an area with 1 ha representing modern greenhouses of the regions. The first is a gothic roofed plastic model greenhouse and the second is a gable roofed polycarbonate model greenhouse. According to the results of calculations, total annual heatingrequirement values ranged from 6,096,283 (for Antalya) to 20,359,946 MJ/ha (for Afyon) for the plastic greenhouse wheras these values ranged from 3,187,074 (for Antalya) to 10,643,972 MJ/ha (for Afyon) for the polycarbonate greenhouse.

Subject Areas

Polycarbonate; plastic; greenhouse; heating requirement; geothermal energy; Turkey

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