Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mechanical Simulation and Numerical Deduction for Volume Expansive-Prone Slag in a Rigid Matrix

Version 1 : Received: 5 October 2020 / Approved: 6 October 2020 / Online: 6 October 2020 (16:09:43 CEST)

How to cite: Wang, G. Mechanical Simulation and Numerical Deduction for Volume Expansive-Prone Slag in a Rigid Matrix. Preprints 2020, 2020100140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0140.v1). Wang, G. Mechanical Simulation and Numerical Deduction for Volume Expansive-Prone Slag in a Rigid Matrix. Preprints 2020, 2020100140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0140.v1).

Abstract

As the coproduct of steelmaking, steelmaking slag, volumetrically expansive-prone without treatment, has been satisfactorily used as an aggregate base course material in highway construction. Although numerous technical reports and papers have revealed that steel slag aggreged using in rigid matrixes, the end product, paving block, non-structural concrete, for example, possesses superb strength and durability properties, the application of steel slag aggregate as a concrete aggregate is currently prohibited in highway construction. Naturally, researchers explore the practicality of use of steel slag, how to connect the laboratory experiment results to the end-product behavior, and further convert the research results into real construction? For all nontraditional or secondary materials utilization, the procedure of laboratory material examination, lab and field trial test are critical. To generalize the utilization, usability criteria establishment is necessary. This paper tries to use step-by-step method and plain language to explain how the volumetrically expansion can be simulated in lab testing apparatus, and based on the model, the mathematical deduction can result in a numerical usability criterion for steel slag use as a coarse aggregate in concrete (a rigid material). Therefore the paper is composed four main parts, laboratory test methods to examine the expansion force resulted from steel slag; converting the measured expansion force in a given volume of mass aggregate to the expansion (body) force of a single particle; modeling of slag and end material disruption; and a usability criterion from numerical deduction for the use of expansive-prone coarse slag in concrete or other rigid matrices. The paper provides the solutions to answer the above questions. Through the mathematical and mechanical modeling, provides the potential criteria that could result in specifications and guidance establishment for broad volumetric expansive-prone slags.

Subject Areas

steel slag; concrete; expansion force; rigid matrix

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