Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role of Early Programming and Early Nutrition on the Development and Progression of Celiac Disease: a review.

Version 1 : Received: 5 October 2020 / Approved: 6 October 2020 / Online: 6 October 2020 (09:49:37 CEST)

How to cite: Martín-Masot, R.; Diaz-Castro, J.; Moreno-Fernandez, J.; Navas-López, V.M.; Nestares, T. The Role of Early Programming and Early Nutrition on the Development and Progression of Celiac Disease: a review.. Preprints 2020, 2020100115 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0115.v1). Martín-Masot, R.; Diaz-Castro, J.; Moreno-Fernandez, J.; Navas-López, V.M.; Nestares, T. The Role of Early Programming and Early Nutrition on the Development and Progression of Celiac Disease: a review.. Preprints 2020, 2020100115 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0115.v1).

Abstract

Experimental and epidemiological evidence has shown that modifications of the intrauterine environment can have deleterious consequences for individuals, expressed as an increased risk of suffering non-communicable pathologies in adult life, which is known as the hypothesis of the early origin of diseases or programming fetal. On the other hand, changes in gene expression patterns through epigenetic modifications can be the basis for long-term maintenance of the effects of fetal programming. In this sense, epigenetics comprises the study of intrauterine disturbances, which develop diseases in the adult, including Celiac Disease (CD). In addition, early feeding practices could influence the risk of CD development, such as breastfeeding timing and duration and age at gluten introduction in the diet. Gluten acts as a trigger for CD in genetically predisposed subjects, although approximately 30% of the world population has HLA DQ2 or DQ8, the prevalence of the disease is only 1-3%. It is not known what factors act to modify the risk of disease in genetically at risk subjects. Taking into account all these considerations, the aim of the current review is to elucidate the role of early programming and the effect of early nutrition on the development and progression of CD.

Subject Areas

Celiac disease; Early programming; Perinatal nutrition

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