Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Monitoring and Evaluation of Sandstone Decay Adopting Non-Destructive Techniques: On-site Application on Building Stones

Version 1 : Received: 2 October 2020 / Approved: 5 October 2020 / Online: 5 October 2020 (07:45:01 CEST)

How to cite: Salvatici, T.; Calandra, S.; Centauro, I.; Pecchioni, E.; Intrieri, E.; Garzonio, C.A. Monitoring and Evaluation of Sandstone Decay Adopting Non-Destructive Techniques: On-site Application on Building Stones. Preprints 2020, 2020100050 Salvatici, T.; Calandra, S.; Centauro, I.; Pecchioni, E.; Intrieri, E.; Garzonio, C.A. Monitoring and Evaluation of Sandstone Decay Adopting Non-Destructive Techniques: On-site Application on Building Stones. Preprints 2020, 2020100050

Abstract

This paper focuses on the characterization approach to evaluate the decay state of Pietra Serena of historic buildings in Florence (Italy). Pietra Serena is a Florentine sandstone largely used in the city especially during the Renaissance; it is a symbol of cultural heritage of Florence and constitutes a large part of the city center, which was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. Unfortunately, many environmental factors negatively affect the stone, increasing damage and the danger of falling material. Any detachment of stone fragments, in addition to constitute a loss in cultural heritage, can be dangerous for citizens and the many tourists that visit the city. The use of Non-Destructive Techniques (NDTs) as ultrasonic and Schmidt hammer tests can quantitatively define some mechanical properties and help to monitor the decay degree of building stone. In this study, the NDTs were combined with mineralogical, petrographical, chemical and physical analyses to investigate the stone materials, in order to correlate their features with the characteristics of the different artefacts in Pietra Serena. Correlations between the NDTs results and the compositional characteristics of the on-site stone were carried out; such discussion allows to identify zones of weakness and dangerous unstable elements.

Subject Areas

NDT; decay; cultural heritage; Pietra Serena

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