Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Exploring the Experience and Determinants of the Food Choices and Eating Practices of Elderly Thai People: A Qualitative Study

Version 1 : Received: 1 October 2020 / Approved: 2 October 2020 / Online: 2 October 2020 (12:23:26 CEST)

How to cite: Chalermsri, C.; Wees, S.H.V.; Ziaei, S.; Ekström, E.; Muangpaisan, W.; Rahman, S.M. Exploring the Experience and Determinants of the Food Choices and Eating Practices of Elderly Thai People: A Qualitative Study. Preprints 2020, 2020100040 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0040.v1). Chalermsri, C.; Wees, S.H.V.; Ziaei, S.; Ekström, E.; Muangpaisan, W.; Rahman, S.M. Exploring the Experience and Determinants of the Food Choices and Eating Practices of Elderly Thai People: A Qualitative Study. Preprints 2020, 2020100040 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0040.v1).

Abstract

Over the past decade, Thailand has experienced a rapid increase in its elderly population. Many unfavorable health outcomes among elderly people are associated with nutrition. Nutrition in elderly people is affected by physical, mental, and social factors. This study explored the food choices and dietary practices among community-dwelling elderly people in Thailand from the perspective of both caregivers and the elderly people themselves. Six focus group discussions and six semi-structured interviews were conducted in the Samut Sakhon Province of Thailand. A combination of deductive and inductive thematic analyses was adopted, and the results show that physical and mental factors and societal factors are important determinants of food choices. Moreover, a changing food environment and economic factors were found to affect food choices. Issues of trust in food safety and food markets were highlighted as growing issues. Therefore, fostering healthy food choice interventions that consider both environmental and societal aspects is necessary.

Subject Areas

food choice; elderly people; healthy diet; caregiver; Thailand

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