Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Commonly Used External TAM Variables in Virtual Reality, E-Learning and Agriculture Applications: A Literature Review Using QFD as Organizing Framework

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2020 / Approved: 1 October 2020 / Online: 1 October 2020 (15:56:38 CEST)

How to cite: Castiblanco Jimenez, I.A.; Cepeda Garcia, L.; Violante, M.G.; Vezzetti, E. Commonly Used External TAM Variables in Virtual Reality, E-Learning and Agriculture Applications: A Literature Review Using QFD as Organizing Framework. Preprints 2020, 2020100023 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0023.v1). Castiblanco Jimenez, I.A.; Cepeda Garcia, L.; Violante, M.G.; Vezzetti, E. Commonly Used External TAM Variables in Virtual Reality, E-Learning and Agriculture Applications: A Literature Review Using QFD as Organizing Framework. Preprints 2020, 2020100023 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0023.v1).

Abstract

In recent years information and communication technologies (ICT) play a significant role in all aspects of modern society and impact socioeconomic development in sectors as education, administration, business, medical care and agriculture. The benefits of such technologies in agriculture can be appreciated only if farmers use them. In order to predict and evaluate the adoption of these new technological tools, the technology acceptance model (TAM) can be a valid aid. The paper measures the potential acceptance of an e-learning tool designed for EU farmers and agricultural entrepreneurs. Starting from a literature review of the technology acceptance model, by analyzing the most commonly used external variables in the fields of e-learning, Agriculture, and Virtual reality, the analysis shows that computer self-efficacy, individual innovativeness, computer anxiety, perceived enjoyment, social norm, content and system quality, experience and facilitating conditions are the most common determinants addressing technology acceptance. Furthermore, findings evidenced that the external variables have a different impact on the two main beliefs of the TAM Model, Perceived Usefulness (PU) and Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU). This study is expected to bring theoretical support for academics when determining the variables to be included in TAM extensions.

Subject Areas

TAM; e-learning; agriculture; virtual reality; QFD; technology acceptance

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