Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Low-Altitude Atmospheric Turbulence Sounding on the Basis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Version 1 : Received: 24 September 2020 / Approved: 25 September 2020 / Online: 25 September 2020 (05:43:34 CEST)

How to cite: Shelekhov, A.; Afanasiev, A.; Kobzev, A.; Shelekhova, E.; Tel’minov, A.; Molchunov, A.; Poplevina, O. Low-Altitude Atmospheric Turbulence Sounding on the Basis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Preprints 2020, 2020090595 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0595.v1). Shelekhov, A.; Afanasiev, A.; Kobzev, A.; Shelekhova, E.; Tel’minov, A.; Molchunov, A.; Poplevina, O. Low-Altitude Atmospheric Turbulence Sounding on the Basis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Preprints 2020, 2020090595 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0595.v1).

Abstract

Based on the theory of turbulence, equations are derived for estimations of turbulent fluctuations of the longitudinal and transverse components of the wind velocity during ideal hovering of a quadcopter in a turbulent atmosphere. We present the results of experiments which were carried out on the territory of the Geophysical Observatory of Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, located in Tomsk Akademgorodok on the territory with complex orography, in a parkland zone with buildings of research institutes and motorways. Time series of turbulent fluctuations of the longitudinal and transverse components of wind velocity fluctuations were received with the use of an automated weather station, and time series of estimates of these components, from data of a DJI Phantom 4 Pro quadcopter during hovering. According to the automated weather station data, anisotropy was observed in one experiment during measurements in the atmosphere, but this phenomenon was not observed in the other experiment: the fluctuation spectra of all components of wind speed fluctuations coincide. The spectra of fluctuations of the longitudinal and transverse wind velocity components based on the automated weather station data and UAV telemetry are presented. The fluctuation spectra of these components for the automated weather station data and quadcopter generally coincide. The behavior of the spectra coincides with the spectrum which corresponds to Kolmogorov–Obukhov “–5/3” law within the inertial range. The turbulent spectra of the wind velocity fluctuations obtained with the use of the automatic weather station and with the unmanned aerial vehicle differ in the high-frequency spectral region.

Subject Areas

unmanned aerial vehicle; low-altitude sounding; atmospheric turbulence; wind velocity; fluctuations; spectrum

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