Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Comparative Analysis of Cities and Towns in the Seoul Metropolitan Region: Integrating landscape Metrics and Census Data

Version 1 : Received: 19 September 2020 / Approved: 20 September 2020 / Online: 20 September 2020 (14:43:06 CEST)

How to cite: Sim, S.; Clarke, K. A Comparative Analysis of Cities and Towns in the Seoul Metropolitan Region: Integrating landscape Metrics and Census Data. Preprints 2020, 2020090476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0476.v1). Sim, S.; Clarke, K. A Comparative Analysis of Cities and Towns in the Seoul Metropolitan Region: Integrating landscape Metrics and Census Data. Preprints 2020, 2020090476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0476.v1).

Abstract

Urban form is associated with both socio-economic and urban physical properties. This study explores the differences among urban forms in the Seoul Metropolitan Region with a comparison between census-based socioeconomic variables and landscape metrics computed from remotely sensed data. To accomplish this, factor analysis and multi-dimensional scaling were used with the selected variables and metrics. When all of the measures are considered together, four types of cities and towns emerged: 1) exurban-fragmented high growth, 2) exurban-fragmented low growth, 3) compact-extensive urban core and 4) sub-urban compact-high growth. The results indicate that the fusion of knowledge of the physical urban layout and that of socio-economic characteristics is beneficial for a better understanding of urban spatial patterns. However, there remain challenges in delineating each urbanized area and with indicator selection for comparing urban form across cities and towns.

Keywords

urban form; landscape metrics; factor analysis; multi-dimensional scaling; Seoul metropolitan region (SMR)

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