Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Sustainable synthesis of omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters from monkfish liver oil

Version 1 : Received: 31 August 2020 / Approved: 2 September 2020 / Online: 2 September 2020 (03:13:05 CEST)

How to cite: Aguilera-Oviedo, J.; Yara-Varón, E.; Torres, M.; Canela-Garayoa, R.; Balcells, M. Sustainable synthesis of omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters from monkfish liver oil. Preprints 2020, 2020090020 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0020.v1). Aguilera-Oviedo, J.; Yara-Varón, E.; Torres, M.; Canela-Garayoa, R.; Balcells, M. Sustainable synthesis of omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters from monkfish liver oil. Preprints 2020, 2020090020 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0020.v1).

Abstract

The search for economical and sustainable sources of PUFAs within the framework of the circular economy is encouraged by their proven beneficial effects on health. The extraction of monkfish liver oil (MLO) for the synthesis of omega-3 ethyl esters was performed evaluating two blending systems and four green solvents. Moreover, the potential solubility of the MLO in green solvents was studied using the predictive simulation software COSMO-RS. The production of the ethyl esters was performed by one or two step reactions. Novozym 435, two resting cells (Aspergillus flavus and Rhizopus oryzae) obtained in our laboratory and mix of them were used as biocatalysts in a solvent-free system. The yields for Novozym 435, R. oryzae and A. flavus in the one-step esterification were 63%, 61% and 46%, respectively. The hydrolysis step in the two-step reaction led to 83%, 88% and 93% of free fatty acids (FFA) for Novozym 435, R. oryzae and A. flavus respectively. However, Novozym 435 showed the highest yield in the esterification step (85%) followed by R. oryzae (65%) and A. flavus (41%). Moreover, selectivity in front of polyunsaturated fatty acids of R. oryzae lipase was evidenced, since it did slightly esterified docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in all the esterification reactions tested.

Subject Areas

Omega-3 ethyl esters; monkfish liver oil; COSMO-RS, fungal resting cells; selectivity.

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