Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Entrepreneurial Strategies to Reduce Rural-Urban Climate-induced Vulnerabilities: Assessing Adaptation and Innovation Measures in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 31 August 2020 / Approved: 1 September 2020 / Online: 1 September 2020 (11:39:01 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 7 October 2020 / Approved: 8 October 2020 / Online: 8 October 2020 (09:40:29 CEST)

How to cite: Miklian, J.; Hoelscher, K. Entrepreneurial Strategies to Reduce Rural-Urban Climate-induced Vulnerabilities: Assessing Adaptation and Innovation Measures in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Preprints 2020, 2020090011 Miklian, J.; Hoelscher, K. Entrepreneurial Strategies to Reduce Rural-Urban Climate-induced Vulnerabilities: Assessing Adaptation and Innovation Measures in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Preprints 2020, 2020090011

Abstract

Climate change-induced events amplify existing social, political, economic, infrastructural and environmental concerns in many Global South cities, and perhaps no city is more vulnerable than Bangladesh’s capital of Dhaka. Climate-induced rural-urban migration is a profound concern, and Dhaka’s political leaders have embraced technology-based innovation as a solution pathway. This article explores the societal impact of Dhaka’s innovation environment strategies for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Employing a case study qualitative methodology, our three findings expand knowledge about innovation-urban climate mitigation as understood by Dhaka-based entrepreneurs: First, the most effective innovations were not the most technologically advanced, but those with the highest degree of participant ownership. Second, gaps between recipient, corporate and governmental understandings of effective mitigation and adaptation harmed projects, and were driven by different definitions of risk and competing understandings of vulnerability. Third, even the most technical climate adaptation measures were inherently political in their application. We discuss how to better position urban climate innovation infrastructures in Bangladesh and beyond, including developing a better recognition of innovation lifecycles for urban climate adaptation and widening our definitions of ‘innovation’ to better incorporate more effective and inclusive climate adaptation solutions.

Subject Areas

Climate change; rural-urban migration; innovation; Bangladesh; adaptation strategies; politicization of technology; Dhaka; urban climate solutions; informal settlements

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 8 October 2020
Commenter: Jason Miklian
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: R1 revisions
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