Patel, M.P.; Green, N.T.; Burch, J.K.; Kew, K.A.; Hughes, R.M. Screening of Biocatalysts for Synthesis of the Wieland–Miescher Ketone. Catalysts2020, 10, 1063.
Patel, M.P.; Green, N.T.; Burch, J.K.; Kew, K.A.; Hughes, R.M. Screening of Biocatalysts for Synthesis of the Wieland–Miescher Ketone. Catalysts 2020, 10, 1063.
Lipases, a versatile class of biocatalysts, have been shown to function in non-aqueous media/organic solvents and to possess promiscuous catalytic activity for a wide range of organic transformations. In this study, we explore the biocatalytic properties of a library of commercially available lipases by screening them for catalysis of a one-pot synthesis of Wieland-Miescher Ketone, an important intermediate in the synthesis of biologically active compounds such as steroids and terpenoids, from methyl vinyl ketone and 2-methyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione. As a direct outgrowth of this screen, we have created an optimized procedure for Wieland-Miescher Ketone (WMK) synthesis using crude lipase preparations, characterizing both reaction yield and enantiomeric excess. We have also identified principal components of the crude lipase mixture through proteomics and present evidence for a non-lipolytic origin of the observed catalysis. Finally, using the optimized conditions developed in this study, we propose a general absorbance-based screening methodology for assessing biocatalytic potential of crude enzyme preparations for synthesis of WMK.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.