Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Two-Objective Optimization of a Kaplan Turbine Draft Tube Using a Response Surface Methodology

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2020 / Approved: 21 August 2020 / Online: 21 August 2020 (09:25:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Orso, R.; Benini, E.; Minozzo, M.; Bergamin, R.; Magrini, A. Two-Objective Optimization of a Kaplan Turbine Draft Tube Using a Response Surface Methodology. Energies 2020, 13, 4899. Orso, R.; Benini, E.; Minozzo, M.; Bergamin, R.; Magrini, A. Two-Objective Optimization of a Kaplan Turbine Draft Tube Using a Response Surface Methodology. Energies 2020, 13, 4899.

Journal reference: Energies 2020, 13, 4899
DOI: 10.3390/en13184899

Abstract

The overall cost of a hydropower plant is mainly due to the expenses for civil works, mechanical equipment (turbine and control units) and electrical components. The goal of a new draft tube design is to obtain a geometry that reduces investment costs, especially the excavation ones, but the primary driver is to increase the overall machine efficiency allowing for reduced payback time. In the present study, an optimization study of the elbow-draft tube assembly of a Kaplan turbine was conducted. A CFD model for the complete turbine has been developed and validated; next, an optimization of the draft tube alone was performed using a Design of Experiments technique; finally, several optimum solutions for the draft tube were obtained using a Response Surface technique aiming at maximizing pressure recovery and minimizing flow losses. A selection of optimized geometries was subsequently post-checked using the validated model of the entire turbine and a detailed flow analysis on the obtained results could make it possible to provide insight into the improved designs. It was observed that efficiency could be improved by 1% (in relative terms), and the mechanical power increased by 1,8% (in relative terms) with respect to the baseline turbine.

Subject Areas

Kaplan turbine; draft tube optimization; CFD analysis; DOE; Response Surface

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