Preprint Communication Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impacts of Coronavirus on Farm and Pet Animals

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2020 / Approved: 21 August 2020 / Online: 21 August 2020 (07:06:46 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 21 August 2020 / Approved: 25 August 2020 / Online: 25 August 2020 (08:30:38 CEST)

How to cite: Subedi, S.; Koirala, S.; Chai, L. Impacts of Coronavirus on Farm and Pet Animals. Preprints 2020, 2020080473. Subedi, S.; Koirala, S.; Chai, L. Impacts of Coronavirus on Farm and Pet Animals. Preprints 2020, 2020080473.


Coronaviruses are positive sense RNA virus belonging to the Coronaviridae family, which are further subdivided into four genera: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta Coronaviruses. Infectious bronchitis virus and SARS-CoV belong to Beta Coronaviridae family. Infectious bronchitis virus causes respiratory and nephritic signs that includes tracheal rales, urate crystals, lethargy and nasal discharge. In livestock and pets, the Coronavirus infection causes mostly gastrointestinal lesions, which may be prevented through vaccination and biosecurity. Recent infections of SARS-CoV-2 (also known as COVID-19) on farm and pet animals were summarized in this study. Besides, zoo animals were reported with infections in some countries/regions. Although the damage of COVID-19 has not been reported as serious as highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) and African Swine Fever (ASF) on farm animals so far, the transmission mechanism of COVID-19 among group animals/farms and its long-term impacts are still not clear. The impact of Coronavirus on animals and potential prevention strategies, such as vaccine development and farm biosecurity measures, were discussed. Prior to the development of the effective vaccine, the biosecurity measures (e.g., conventional disinfection strategies and innovated technologies) may play roles in preventing potential spread of diseases/viruses.


Coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2; animals; nephritic; vaccination; biosecurity measures


Biology and Life Sciences, Animal Science, Veterinary Science and Zoology

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 25 August 2020
Commenter: Lilong Chai
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: The title was shortened and abstract was refined. Some typos were corrected in the context.
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