Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Analysis of Energy-related Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Turkish Energy-intensive Sectors

Version 1 : Received: 17 August 2020 / Approved: 19 August 2020 / Online: 19 August 2020 (09:04:26 CEST)

How to cite: BEKTAŞ, A. An Analysis of Energy-related Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Turkish Energy-intensive Sectors. Preprints 2020, 2020080407 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0407.v1). BEKTAŞ, A. An Analysis of Energy-related Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Turkish Energy-intensive Sectors. Preprints 2020, 2020080407 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0407.v1).

Abstract

In recent decades, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been a critical priority of global environmental policy. The leading cause of the increase in GHG triggering global warming in the atmosphere is the continuously growing demand for universal energy due to population and economic growth. Energy efficiency and reduction of CO2 emissions in highly-energy consuming sectors of Turkey are critical in deciding a low-carbon transition. In this study, the change of energy-related CO2 emissions in Turkey’s energy-intensive four sectors from 1998 to 2017 is analyzed based on the Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method. It is used to decompose CO2 equivalent emissions changes in these sectors into five driving forces; changes in economic activity, activity mix, energy intensity, energy mix, and emission factors. Analytical results indicate that economic activity is a vital decisive factor in determining the change in CO2 emissions as well as sectoral energy intensity. The activity effect has raised CO2 emissions, while energy intensity has decreased. This method indicates that the impact of the energy intensity could be the first key determinant of GHG emissions. Turkey's efforts to be taken in these sectors in adopting low carbon growth policies and reducing energy-related emissions to tackle climate change are clarified in detail.

Subject Areas

energy; GHG emissions; decomposition analysis; driving factors; LMDI method; Turkey

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