Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Melissopalynology of Honey from Sudan: Implication for the Honey Identity and Misdesignation

Version 1 : Received: 9 August 2020 / Approved: 10 August 2020 / Online: 10 August 2020 (08:23:56 CEST)

How to cite: El-Nebir, M.; El-Niweiri, M.; Mohammed, S.E. Melissopalynology of Honey from Sudan: Implication for the Honey Identity and Misdesignation. Preprints 2020, 2020080243 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0243.v1). El-Nebir, M.; El-Niweiri, M.; Mohammed, S.E. Melissopalynology of Honey from Sudan: Implication for the Honey Identity and Misdesignation. Preprints 2020, 2020080243 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0243.v1).

Abstract

Due to the great nutritional and medicinal value of honey, there has been growing consumer’s preference towards honey of a known identity. However, honey now is the third food in the world subjected to adulteration. Therefore, the current study was focused on judging the identity of Sudanese honeys and checking whether there is any misdesignation from originality. Melissopalynology was used as a tool for this purpose. A number of 60 honey samples were purchased from honey sellers. Results indicated that honey bees foraged on a bio-diversified number of plant species constituted of 11 major families [Fabaceae (43.3%), being the predominant family] and 8 minor families. Respectively, 18.3% & 2% of the honey samples were found to be misdesignated by the honey sellers from their botanical and geographical identities. Some samples were predicted by melissopalynology to be originated from Ethiopia by the presence of marker pollens such as Kniphofia foliosa, Guizotia abyssinica, and Acacia abyssinica an indigenous Ethiopian flora. Thus these findings proved that melissopalynology is an effective tool in judging the identity of honey and pro of being inexpensive.

Subject Areas

melissopalynology; honey identity; forage biodiversity

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