Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Long-Term Habitual Exercise and Combination of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate Plus Black Ginger Maintain Muscle Health in SAMP8 Mice

Version 1 : Received: 4 August 2020 / Approved: 5 August 2020 / Online: 5 August 2020 (09:51:06 CEST)

How to cite: Aoki, K.; Konno, M.; Tokinoya, K.; Honda, K.; Abe, T.; Nagata, T.; Takehara, M.; Sugasawa, T.; Takekoshi, K.; Ohmori, H. Long-Term Habitual Exercise and Combination of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate Plus Black Ginger Maintain Muscle Health in SAMP8 Mice. Preprints 2020, 2020080118 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0118.v1). Aoki, K.; Konno, M.; Tokinoya, K.; Honda, K.; Abe, T.; Nagata, T.; Takehara, M.; Sugasawa, T.; Takekoshi, K.; Ohmori, H. Long-Term Habitual Exercise and Combination of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate Plus Black Ginger Maintain Muscle Health in SAMP8 Mice. Preprints 2020, 2020080118 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0118.v1).

Abstract

Muscle mass and strength decrease with aging, but habitual exercise can maintain muscle health. β-Hydroxy-β-methyl butyrate calcium (HMB) and black ginger (BG) are anti-oxidants that have been reported to improve muscle protein metabolism and energy production; these molecules may have synergistic effects. The senescence-accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) model is a useful model of muscle aging. Therefore, in this study, we explored how the combination of habitual exercise, HMB, and BG affected muscle aging. We used 28-week-old SAMP8 mice divided into five groups: control, exercise (Ex), Ex+BG, Ex+HMB, and Ex+BG+HMB (Ex+Comb). Mice were required to run on a treadmill for 16 weeks at 5 days per week. In 44-week-old mice, grip strength tests and dissection were conducted. Muscle weight was measured, and the gastrocnemius muscle was subjected to quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. Muscle mass and strength were preserved in the Ex+Comb group, and mitochondrial function was preserved through suppressing oxidative stress. Muscle protein synthesis signaling was improved in the Ex+Comb group. Autophagy and the ubiquitin system were normalized by Ex+Comb treatment. Overall, habitual exercise and HMB plus BG treatment maintained muscle health by suppressing oxidative stress, preserving mitochondrial function, and maintaining muscle protein metabolism in SAMP8 mice.

Subject Areas

Sarcopenia; β-hydroxy-β-methyl butyrate Calcium; Black ginger

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