Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Solution of the Interpretation Problem of Lorentz Transformations

Version 1 : Received: 28 July 2020 / Approved: 30 July 2020 / Online: 30 July 2020 (06:08:56 CEST)

How to cite: Kalies, G. A Solution of the Interpretation Problem of Lorentz Transformations. Preprints 2020, 2020070705 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0705.v1). Kalies, G. A Solution of the Interpretation Problem of Lorentz Transformations. Preprints 2020, 2020070705 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0705.v1).

Abstract

For more than one hundred years, scientists dispute the correct interpretation of Lorentz transformations within the framework of the special theory of relativity of Albert Einstein. On the one hand, the changes in length, time and mass with increasing velocity are interpreted as apparent due to the observer dependence within special relativity. On the other hand, real changes are described corresponding to the experimental evidence of mass increase in particle accelerators or of clock delay. This ambiguity is accompanied by an ongoing controversy about valid Lorentz-transformed thermodynamic quantities such as entropy, pressure and temperature. In this paper is shown that the interpretation problem of the Lorentz transformations is genuinely anchored within the postulates of special relativity and can be solved on the basis of the thermodynamic approach of matter-energy equivalence, i.e. an energetic distinction between matter and mass. It is suggested that the velocity-dependent changes in state quantities are real in each case, in full agreement with the experimental evidence.

Subject Areas

interpretation problem; Lorentz transformation; special relativity; thermodynamics; potential energy; space; time; entropy; non-mechanistic ether theory

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