Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Barriers and Assistance for Female Leaders in Academic STEM in the US

Version 1 : Received: 21 July 2020 / Approved: 23 July 2020 / Online: 23 July 2020 (10:06:20 CEST)

How to cite: McCullough, L. Barriers and Assistance for Female Leaders in Academic STEM in the US. Preprints 2020, 2020070545 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0545.v1). McCullough, L. Barriers and Assistance for Female Leaders in Academic STEM in the US. Preprints 2020, 2020070545 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0545.v1).

Abstract

Women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields are under-represented, and women are also less likely than men to be in leadership positions generally. Little is known about the intersection of these areas: women in leadership in STEM. To determine what sort of barriers and assistance female STEM leaders have encountered, a survey was developed asking women who are in academic leadership positions in STEM about their experiences. The main barriers were similar in the STEM area and in leadership: balancing work/home life, devaluing of achievements, and imposter syndrome. The main two types of assistance in both STEM and leadership were support from spouse/partner, and encouragement from peers. The main barriers women encounter are cultural and will take time to overcome. The main assistance women have had comes from people, not training or institutional structures.

Subject Areas

gender; academic; STEM; leadership; barriers; assistance

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