Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Detection and Mitigation of RPL Rank and Version Number Attacks in Smart Internet of Things

Version 1 : Received: 20 July 2020 / Approved: 21 July 2020 / Online: 21 July 2020 (10:54:38 CEST)

How to cite: A. Almusaylim, Z.; Alhumam, A.; Mansoor, W.; Chatterjee, P.; Jhanjhi, N.Z. Detection and Mitigation of RPL Rank and Version Number Attacks in Smart Internet of Things. Preprints 2020, 2020070476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0476.v1). A. Almusaylim, Z.; Alhumam, A.; Mansoor, W.; Chatterjee, P.; Jhanjhi, N.Z. Detection and Mitigation of RPL Rank and Version Number Attacks in Smart Internet of Things. Preprints 2020, 2020070476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0476.v1).

Abstract

The rapid growth of the smart Internet of Things (IoT) and massive propagation of wireless technologies revealed the recent opportunities for development in various domains of real life such as smart cities and E-Health applications. A slight defense against different forms of attacks is offered for the current secure and lightweight Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) of IoT resource-constrained devices. Data packets are highly likely to be exposed while transmitting them during data packets routing. The RPL rank and version number attacks, which are two forms of RPL attacks, can have critical consequences for RPL networks. The studies conducted on these attacks have several security defects and performance shortcomings. The research proposes a Secure RPL Routing Protocol (SRPL-RP) for rank and version number attacks. It mainly detects, mitigates and isolates attacks in the RPL networks. The detection is based on a comparison of ranks strategy. The mitigation uses threshold and attacks status tables, and the isolation adds them to a blacklist table and alerts relevant nodes to skip them. SRPL-RP supports diverse types of network topologies and is comprehensively analyzed with multiple studies such as Standard RPL with Attacks, SBIDS and RPL+ Shield. The analysis results showed that the SRPL-RP achieves great improvements with Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) of 98.48%, control message value of 991 packets/second, and average energy consumption of 1231.75 joules. It provides a better accuracy rate with 98.17% under the attacks.

Subject Areas

IoT; Security; Smart IoT; Rank Attacks; RPL; Version Number Attack; attack model

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