Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

miR-142-3p Reduces the Size, Migration and Contractility of Endometrial and Endometriotic Stromal Cells by Targeting Integrin- and Rho GTPase-related Pathways that Regulate Cytoskeletal Function

Version 1 : Received: 16 July 2020 / Approved: 17 July 2020 / Online: 17 July 2020 (16:08:42 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Börschel, C.S.; Stejskalova, A.; Schäfer, S.D.; Kiesel, L.; Götte, M. miR-142-3p Reduces the Size, Migration, and Contractility of Endometrial and Endometriotic Stromal Cells by Targeting Integrin- and Rho GTPase-Related Pathways That Regulate Cytoskeletal Function. Biomedicines 2020, 8, 291. Börschel, C.S.; Stejskalova, A.; Schäfer, S.D.; Kiesel, L.; Götte, M. miR-142-3p Reduces the Size, Migration, and Contractility of Endometrial and Endometriotic Stromal Cells by Targeting Integrin- and Rho GTPase-Related Pathways That Regulate Cytoskeletal Function. Biomedicines 2020, 8, 291.

Journal reference: Biomedicines 2020, 8, 291
DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines8080291

Abstract

Downregulated microRNA-142-3p signaling contributes to the pathogenesis of endometriosis [1] [2], an invasive disease where the lining of the uterus grows at ectopic locations, by yet incompletely understood mechanisms. Using bioinformatics and in vitro assays, this study identifies cytoskeletal regulation and integrin signaling as two relevant categories of miR-142-3p targets. qPCR revealed that miR-142-3p upregulation in St-T1b cells downregulates ROCK2, CFL2, RAC1, WASL and ITGAV. qPCR and Western-blotting showed miR-142-3p effect on WASL and ITGAV was significant also in primary endometriotic stroma cells. Luciferase reporter assays in ST-T1b cells then confirmed direct regulation of ITGAV and WASL. On the functional side, miR-142-3p upregulation significantly reduced ST-T1b cell size, the size of vinculin plaques, migration through fibronectin-coated transwell filters and the ability of ST-T1b and primary endometriotic stroma cells to contract collagen I gels. These results suggest that miR-142-3p has a strong mechanoregulatory effect on endometrial stroma cells and its external administration reduces the invasive endometrial phenotype. Within the limits of an in vitro investigation, our study provides new mechanistic insights into the pathogenesis of endometriosis and provides a perspective for the development of miR-142-3p based drugs for inhibiting invasive growth of endometriotic cells.

Subject Areas

microRNA; miR-142-3p; endometriosis; cytoskeleton; integrin; collagen; WASL; ITGAV; endometrial stroma cells; in vitro study

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.