Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect on CO2 Emissions in Maritime Container Terminals Using New Vessel Mooring System by Vacum. Emissions by TEU

Version 1 : Received: 14 July 2020 / Approved: 16 July 2020 / Online: 16 July 2020 (13:45:05 CEST)

How to cite: Díaz-Ruiz-Navamuel, E.; Ortega, A.; Andres, M.; Pérez-Labajos1, C.A. Effect on CO2 Emissions in Maritime Container Terminals Using New Vessel Mooring System by Vacum. Emissions by TEU. Preprints 2020, 2020070362 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0362.v1). Díaz-Ruiz-Navamuel, E.; Ortega, A.; Andres, M.; Pérez-Labajos1, C.A. Effect on CO2 Emissions in Maritime Container Terminals Using New Vessel Mooring System by Vacum. Emissions by TEU. Preprints 2020, 2020070362 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0362.v1).

Abstract

Taking into account the increase in the emission of greenhouse gases produced by ships, during navigation and maneuvering in the port, a direct consequence of the increase in maritime traffic, the international community has developed a broad set of regulations to limit such emissions. The installation in commercial ports of automatic mooring systems by means of vacuum suction cups (AMS), thus reducing considerably the time required to carry out the mooring and unmooring maneuvers of ships, is a factor that is considerably influencing the decrease in Emissions of polluting gases in commercial ports with high traffic. The objective of the present work is to verify the influence of the use of the AMS on the emissions of polluting gases produced in the facilities destined to the traffic of container ships. It examines the CO2 emissions of container ships that call in the only three container ports equipped with AMS: Salalah (Oman), Beirut (Lebanon) and Ngqura (South Africa). Between them, these three ports supported the transit of 6 million TEUS in 2017. The calculation of emissions is made taking into account the time saved when performing the mooring maneuvers using the new AMS system compared with when it is not used. To do this, two different calculation methods are used: EPA and ENTEC to then compare the results of the two and thus obtain the reduction in emissions per TEU in these terminals during the mooring maneuvers. The paper concludes with a discussion on the values of the reductions in emissions obtained and the advantages of the installation of AMS in commercial ports located near population centres.

Subject Areas

Maritime transport; Automatic mooring system; Container vessel; TEU; CO2 emissions.

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