Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mantle-derived Corundum-bearing Felsic Dykes May Survive Only within the Lower (refractory/inert) Crust: Evidence from Zircon Geochemistry and Geochronology (Ivrea-Verbano Zone, Southern Alps, Italy)

Version 1 : Received: 15 July 2020 / Approved: 16 July 2020 / Online: 16 July 2020 (12:49:25 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Bonazzi, M.; Langone, A.; Tumiati, S.; Dellarole, E.; Mazzucchelli, M.; Giovanardi, T.; Zanetti, A. Mantle-Derived Corundum-Bearing Felsic Dykes May Survive Only within the Lower (Refractory/Inert) Crust: Evidence from Zircon Geochemistry and Geochronology (Ivrea–Verbano Zone, Southern Alps, Italy). Geosciences 2020, 10, 281. Bonazzi, M.; Langone, A.; Tumiati, S.; Dellarole, E.; Mazzucchelli, M.; Giovanardi, T.; Zanetti, A. Mantle-Derived Corundum-Bearing Felsic Dykes May Survive Only within the Lower (Refractory/Inert) Crust: Evidence from Zircon Geochemistry and Geochronology (Ivrea–Verbano Zone, Southern Alps, Italy). Geosciences 2020, 10, 281.

Journal reference: Geosciences 2020, 10, 281
DOI: 10.3390/geosciences10080281

Abstract

Corundum-rich (up to 55 vol.%) felsic dykes formed by albite, ±K-feldspar, ±hercynite and ±biotite-siderophyllite cut the lower crustal rocks exposed in the Ivrea-Verbano Zone (NW Italy). Zircon is an abundant accessory mineral and its investigation through LA-ICP-(MC)MS has allowed to directly constrain the timing of emplacement, as well as petrology and geochemistry of parental melts. Zircons are characterised by very large concentration in REE, Th, U, Nb and Ta, and negative Eu anomaly. U–Pb analysis points to Norian emplacement ages (223±7 Ma and 224±6 Ma), whereas large positive εHf(t) values (+13 on average) indicate a derivation from depleted to mildly enriched mantle source. The mantle signature and the corundum oversaturation were preserved thanks to limited crustal contamination of the host, HT refractory granulites and mafic intrusives. According to the geochemical data and to the evidence of the development of violent explosions into the conduits, it is proposed that dykes segregated from peraluminous melts produced by exsolution processes affecting volatile-rich differentiates during alkaline magmatism. This work provides robust evidence about the transition of the geochemical affinity of Southern Alps magmatism from orogenic-like to anorogenic during Norian, linked to a regional uprising of the asthenosphere and change of tectonic regime.

Subject Areas

LA-ICP-MS dating; zircon; felsic dykes; corundum megacryst; magmatic differentiation

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