Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Thermal Gelation Behavior and Performance Evaluation of High Molecular Weight Nonionic Polyacrylamide and Polyethyleneimine Mixtures for Indepth Water Control in Mature Oilfields

Version 1 : Received: 12 July 2020 / Approved: 14 July 2020 / Online: 14 July 2020 (05:52:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Qin, Y.; Liao, R.; Luo, S.; Li, J. The Thermal Gelation Behavior and Performance Evaluation of High Molecular Weight Nonionic Polyacrylamide and Polyethyleneimine Mixtures for In-Depth Water Control in Mature Oilfields. Materials 2020, 13, 4142. Qin, Y.; Liao, R.; Luo, S.; Li, J. The Thermal Gelation Behavior and Performance Evaluation of High Molecular Weight Nonionic Polyacrylamide and Polyethyleneimine Mixtures for In-Depth Water Control in Mature Oilfields. Materials 2020, 13, 4142.

Journal reference: Materials 2020, 13, 4142
DOI: 10.3390/ma13184142

Abstract

A delayed crosslinked polymer gel was developed for indepth water control in mature oilfields. The thermal gelation behavior of nonionic polyacrylamide (NPAM) and PEI was investigated, and sodium citrate (NaCit) was selected as a new retarder to prolong the gelation time. The gelation performance of NPAM/PEI gel system can be adjusted by the variation of NPAM or PEI concentration, and a quadratic model was developed by statistical analysis, which predict the gelation time of NPAM/PEI gel system. The obtained model showed high significance and good reliability as suggested by the F-ratio of 175.16 and high adjusted R-square value (0.9732). The decrease of the initial pH value of gelling solution leads to the weaker gel viscosity and longer gelation time due to the protonation of amine groups on the PEI chains. Increasing temperature resulted in higher gel viscosity but shorter gelation time. The addition of NaCit showed a good delayed gelation effect on the NPAM/PEI gel system, and the gel system in the presence of NaCit exhibited a good compatibility with injected and formation water. A dense three-dimensional structure was observed in matured NPAM/PEI/NaCit gel, and it could keep stable below 150℃. The gel system could effectively reduce the permeability (>95%) and restricted the flow of water after matured in natural cores.

Subject Areas

nonionic polyacrylamide; gelation time; plugging capacity; water shutoff

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