Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dispersion of Particulate Matter and Sulphur Oxides from Thermal Power Plant: A Case Study

Version 1 : Received: 10 July 2020 / Approved: 11 July 2020 / Online: 11 July 2020 (08:42:34 CEST)

How to cite: Singh, J.; Srikanth, R.; Ramasesha, S.K. Dispersion of Particulate Matter and Sulphur Oxides from Thermal Power Plant: A Case Study. Preprints 2020, 2020070231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0231.v1). Singh, J.; Srikanth, R.; Ramasesha, S.K. Dispersion of Particulate Matter and Sulphur Oxides from Thermal Power Plant: A Case Study. Preprints 2020, 2020070231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0231.v1).

Abstract

Coal-fired thermal plants (CTPP) are known to pollute the atmosphere with emission of many greenhouse gases and particulate matter. The power generation from these thermal plants cannot be stopped completely because it forms the backbone of the grid power supply. It is necessary to study the dispersion patterns of pollutants that affect the health of the people. The dispersion patterns are location specific since they depend on local meteorological conditions. In this study, the dispersion of particulate matter (PM) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) from a CTPP with 275 m high stack are studied under different atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) of neutral, stable and unstable conditions up to a distance of 30 km from the stack. The plume of the PM spreads under all conditions. During some parts of the day, PM settles around the stack while at other times PM keeps suspending in the air for the full distance under study. Sulphur dioxide dilutes to concentrations below the detection limits in about 12-13 km from the stack for neutral and unstable ABL whereas for the stable ABL, the dispersion is up to 30 km. The 24 h weighted average concentration of sulphur dioxide, at 10 m height from the ground, is 14.2 mg/m3 at a distance of 25 kms from the CTPP, which is comparable with the value of 9.2 mg/m3 measured at the Air Quality Stations located around the same distance. Based on the results policy changes that need to be implemented are suggested.

Subject Areas

Coal-fired Thermal Plants; CFD modelling; Pollution; Particulate matter; Sulphur dioxide

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