Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Trends in Antibiotic Resistance of Major Uropathogens

Version 1 : Received: 30 June 2020 / Approved: 6 July 2020 / Online: 6 July 2020 (10:30:47 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

AL-Khikani FH. Trends in antibiotic resistance of major uropathogens. Matrix Sci Med 2020;4:108-11 AL-Khikani FH. Trends in antibiotic resistance of major uropathogens. Matrix Sci Med 2020;4:108-11


Around the world, there is no population clear from urinary tract infection (UTI), particularly among women. UTI is considered the most predominant bacterial infection. This study aimed to detect the incidence of the most common major uropathogens in patients severe from urinary tract infection with antibiotic sensitivity tests that assist urologist doctors for appropriate antimicrobial empirical therapy.Methods: This study was carried in a private laboratory in Babil city, Iraq from May 2019 to May 2020. Totally 70 individuals suffering from clear symptoms of UTI, as well as, 20 healthy persons participated in this study as a control group. Then, the standard microbiological methods carried out to isolate and identify bacterial species. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests were performed using different antimicrobial discs by applying the Kirby–Bauer disc diffusion method.Results: Totally, 90 specimens were obtained from them 20 control group, 19 with no growth, and 51 patients with bacterial growth distributed as 43 (83%) females and 8 (17%) males. E. coli were the most common predominant organisms. All isolates were showed a high rate of resistance to evaluated cephalosporins 100% and 82% to cefotaxime and ceftriaxone respectively, while very low resistance recorded in Aminoglycosides 20% and 13% to Gentamicin and amikacin respectively. Most age group infected with UTI was 21-40 years old.Conclusion: The current study showed an increasing burden of urinary tract infection caused by various bacteria implicated in UTI that causes changeable sensitivity to various antimicrobial agents. Therefore, in clinical use appropriate medications should be selected based on the data obtained from antimicrobial susceptibility tests.


Urinary tract infection; antimicrobial agents; antibiotic resistance; E. coli; uropathogens; aminoglycosides


Medicine and Pharmacology, Urology and Nephrology

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