Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Improving Life Habits through Mindfulness in University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Version 1 : Received: 19 June 2020 / Approved: 21 June 2020 / Online: 21 June 2020 (11:33:25 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Soriano-Ayala, E.; Amutio, A.; Franco, C.; Mañas, I. Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle through Mindfulness in University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2450. Soriano-Ayala, E.; Amutio, A.; Franco, C.; Mañas, I. Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle through Mindfulness in University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2450.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2020, 12, 2450
DOI: 10.3390/nu12082450

Abstract

The present study explored the effects of a Second-generation mindfulness-based intervention known as Flow Meditation (Meditación-Fluir) in the improvement of life habits. A sample of university students (n = 51) in Spain were randomly assigned to a seven-week mindfulness treatment or a waiting list control group. Results showed that compared to the control group, individuals in the mindfulness group demonstrated significant improvements across all outcome measures, including healthy eating habits (balanced diet, intake rate, snacking between meals, decrease in consumption by emotional states negative, increased consumption by negative emotional states, amount of consumption, meal times, consumption of low-fat products), tobacco, alcohol and cannabis consumption, and resting habits. There were differences between males and females in some of these variables and a better effect of the treatment was evident in the females of the experimental group as compared to males. The Flow Meditation program shows promise for fostering healthy life habits, thus decreasing behaviors related to maladaptive eating, tobacco, alcohol and drug consumption, as well as negative resting habits, in university students. This mindfulness program can significantly contribute in the treatment of eating disorders and addictions, wherein negative emotional states and impulsivity are central features of the condition.

Subject Areas

life habits; mindfulness; flow meditation; university students; controlled trial

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